iOS中正则表达式的使用

匹配9-15个由字母/数字组成的字符串的正则表达式:
NSString * regex = @"^[A-Za-z0-9]{9,15}$";
NSPredicate *pred = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat:@"SELF MATCHES %@", regex];
BOOL isMatch = [pred evaluateWithObject:txtfldPhoneNumber.text];
Cocoa用NSPredicate描述查询的方式,原理类似于在数据库中进行查询

用BETWEEN,IN,BEGINWITH,ENDWITH,CONTAINS,LIKE这些谓词来构造NSPredicate,必要的时候使用SELF直接对自己进行匹配
//基本的查询  
NSPredicate *predicate; 
predicate = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat: @"name == 'Herbie'"]; 
BOOL match = [predicate evaluateWithObject: car]; 
NSLog (@"%s", (match) ? "YES" : "NO"); 
//在整个cars里面循环比较  
predicate = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat: @"engine.horsepower > 150"]; 
NSArray *cars = [garage cars]; 
for (Car *car in [garage cars]) {
	if ([predicate evaluateWithObject: car]) { 
		NSLog (@"%@", car.name); 
	} 
} 
//输出完整的信息  
predicate = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat: @"engine.horsepower > 150"]; 
NSArray *results; 
results = [cars filteredArrayUsingPredicate: predicate]; 
NSLog (@"%@", results); 
//含有变量的谓词  
NSPredicate *predicateTemplate = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat:@"name == $NAME"]; 
NSDictionary *varDict; 
varDict = [NSDictionary dictionaryWithObjectsAndKeys: @"Herbie", @"NAME", nil]; 
predicate = [predicateTemplate predicateWithSubstitutionVariables: varDict]; 
NSLog(@"SNORGLE: %@", predicate); 
match = [predicate evaluateWithObject: car]; 
NSLog (@"%s", (match) ? "YES" : "NO"); 
//注意不能使用$VARIABLE作为路径名,因为它值代表值  
//谓词字符串还支持c语言中一些常用的运算符  
predicate = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat: @"(engine.horsepower > 50) AND (engine.horsepower < 200)"]; 
results = [cars filteredArrayUsingPredicate: predicate]; 
NSLog (@"oop %@", results); 
predicate = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat: @"name < 'Newton'"]; 
results = [cars filteredArrayUsingPredicate: predicate]; 
NSLog (@"%@", [results valueForKey: @"name"]); 
//强大的数组运算符  
predicate = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat: @"engine.horsepower BETWEEN { 50, 200 }"]; 
results = [cars filteredArrayUsingPredicate: predicate]; 
NSLog (@"%@", results); 
NSArray *betweens = [NSArray arrayWithObjects: 
[NSNumber numberWithInt: 50], [NSNumber numberWithInt: 200], nil]; 
predicate = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat: @"engine.horsepower BETWEEN %@", betweens]; 
results = [cars filteredArrayUsingPredicate: predicate]; 
NSLog (@"%@", results); 
predicateTemplate = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat: @"engine.horsepower BETWEEN $POWERS"]; 
varDict = [NSDictionary dictionaryWithObjectsAndKeys: betweens, @"POWERS", nil]; 
predicate = [predicateTemplate predicateWithSubstitutionVariables: varDict]; 
results = [cars filteredArrayUsingPredicate: predicate]; 
NSLog (@"%@", results); 
//IN运算符  
predicate = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat: @"name IN { 'Herbie', 'Snugs', 'Badger', 'Flap' }"]; 
results = [cars filteredArrayUsingPredicate: predicate]; 
NSLog (@"%@", [results valueForKey: @"name"]); 
predicate = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat: @"SELF.name IN { 'Herbie', 'Snugs', 'Badger', 'Flap' }"]; 
results = [cars filteredArrayUsingPredicate: predicate]; 
NSLog (@"%@", [results valueForKey: @"name"]); 
names = [cars valueForKey: @"name"]; 
predicate = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat: @"SELF IN { 'Herbie', 'Snugs', 'Badger', 'Flap' }"]; 
results = [names filteredArrayUsingPredicate: predicate];//这里限制了SELF的范围  
NSLog (@"%@", results); 
//BEGINSWITH,ENDSWITH,CONTAINS  
//附加符号,[c],[d],[cd],c表示不区分大小写,d表示不区分发音字符,cd表示什么都不区分  
predicate = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat: @"name BEGINSWITH 'Bad'"]; 
results = [cars filteredArrayUsingPredicate: predicate]; 
NSLog (@"%@", results); 
predicate = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat: @"name BEGINSWITH 'HERB'"]; 
results = [cars filteredArrayUsingPredicate: predicate]; 
NSLog (@"%@", results); 
predicate = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat: @"name BEGINSWITH[cd] 'HERB'"]; 
results = [cars filteredArrayUsingPredicate: predicate]; 
NSLog (@"%@", results); 
//LIKE运算符(通配符)  
predicate = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat: @"name LIKE[cd] '*er*'"]; 
results = [cars filteredArrayUsingPredicate: predicate]; 
NSLog (@"%@", results); 
predicate = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat: @"name LIKE[cd] '???er*'"]; 
results = [cars filteredArrayUsingPredicate: predicate]; 
NSLog (@"%@", results); 
参考资料:http://www.2cto.com/kf/201208/150608.html
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